Domesticated dogs, when not carefully taken care of, will easily transmit diseases or infection for a variety of reasons. One common condition is mange where dogs suffer from a contagious skin disease caused by parasitic mites. Mite infestation occurs for several reasons and although the best thing to keep your dogs from suffering such disease is through preventive measures, there are treatments available once the dog has acquired it, such as Ivermectin.
Mange, as we’ve said earlier, is caused by mites. They set in the hair follicles or the skin of the dog and later on become culprits to many symptoms that make a dog’s daily life, and its owner’s as well, uncomfortable and quite expensive. There are two types of mange: demodectic and sarcoptic.
Demodectic mange is also known as red mange. From that term we get a clue that it is the disease in which the dogs are seen to be scratching on their bodies, causing their skin to lose hair and turn red. It can be localized demodicosis, where the dog’s body has small circular areas of hair loss. The affected areas are not itchy in all cases, unless the condition is worsened by bacteria. Generalized demodicosis on the other hand is more widespread due to resulting lesions all over the body. This is when the dog’s body often has discharges of blood that eventually leads to a foul smell.
Sarcoptic mange is also known as canine scabies caused by a burrowing mite Sarcoptes scabiei canis which digs through the skin and causes severe itching that can quickly lead to serious infection. Other than that, the discomfort it causes to the dog will motivate it to scratch or even bite its own body. Body parts affected are ears, elbow, abdomen, and chest.
Both conditions are treated with Ivermectin and are available in several brand names. For demodectic mange, veterinarians suggest the use of the compound along with skin scrapings. With sarcoptic mange, higher doses are given for two to four weekly treatments.