The use of Baytril for dogs is a controversial topic in the world of animal care. People have their own opinions about it and so do the experts. The problem with many of us is that while we are very well informed about the food and medicine that we take in, we are usually at a loss when it comes to our pets. Baytril is widely used to treat, not only dogs, but various types of livestock as well.
What is Baytril and what is it used for?
Baytril is the brand name for Enrofloxacin, an antibiotic. Enrofloxacin is a fluoroquinalone, one of the groups of antibiotics that is used for bacterial infections. It has quite an interesting mode of action, as it targets the DNA synthesis of the bacteria that causes the infection, and interferes with these building blocks of cells, thus leading to the elimination of the bacteria. It is because of this mode of action that Baytril is very effective and is, in fact, almost always recommended for quite a number of bacterial infections..
Baytril is used to cure various bacterial infections, including those in the respiratory tract, lung infections, gastro-intestinal infections, liver infections, urinary tract infections, infections of the skin, from open wounds and even those resulting from surgery. The company that manufactures Baytril has recently unveiled a more specialized version of Baytril for dogs, called the Baytril Otic, used to cure ear infections. Pet owners, farmers, and many other people who deal with animal care are sure to have heard the rumour that Baytril has been banned.
Has Baytril for dogs been banned?
There is actually no truth to the rumors about the banning of Baytril for dogs. What is true, however, is that Baytril has most definitely been banned from use in poultry, that is, chicken and turkeys. This is because poultry animals are bred for human consumption.
According to experts, even though Baytril has been proven to be very effective in dealing with bacterial infections in many animals, there is a always a fear of the likelihood that these microorganisms will, with regular use, develop resistance to the antibiotic drug. Obviously, the bacteria will be able to thrive over time and eventually, be passed on through infected meat to humans. This poses a danger, as by the time it the modified bacterial strain will have infected a human, it will be much harder to find an antibiotic which will be able to deal with the infection.
Contrary to popular belief, however, it is still legal to use Baytril to treat bacterial infections in dogs, cats and other pets – in summary, those animals not meant for human consumption.
Among the most common side effects are diarrhea or liquid stool and joint problems in young animals. Serious effects, which are very rare, include mood swings, blindness and seizures.
Dosage and contraindications
Baytril for dogs comes in the form of tablets and injections. As mentioned before, Baytril Otic is available to treat ear infections. The therapeutic dose is 5-20 mg/kg (2.27 to 9.07 mg/lb), once daily. Baytril should not be taken by small dogs in their growing phase (between 2 and 8 months old), as it causes bone and joint problems. It should also not be taken by dogs with Central nervous system disorders, as it can cause seizures. Baytril is contraindicated for dogs that are allergic to quinolones.
You must also make sure to confirm with your vet that there will be no harmful interactions with other drugs if you are giving your pet Baytril for dogs.