The basic rule in providing a guinea pig run for your pet guinea pigs is space area and length. Believe it or not, some guinea pig aficionados will even have an entire room for their pets just so they have a wide space and more room for exercise. The purpose of a larger cage is not just for a hobby or a show-off to guests at home. The biological make-up of guinea pigs generally requires daily exercise because it is the only way for them to avoid serious illnesses common among both sexes. Activity is evident 24 hours a day so when you house it in a small cage you are not contributing well to the general health of your pets.
It is important to note that guinea pigs bloom in good health in the company of one or more guinea pigs. Earlier tests have proven that they easily make ties with other guinea pigs. While females easily bond together, male guinea pigs (or “boars”) need to be with a long bonded female piggy (also called as a “sow”) more than unfamiliar ones. This is why experts suggest that one male and one female guinea pig make a great pair of pets in one cage. The only challenge here would be the possibility of more offspring, which would mean added costs on grooming and maintenance of the guinea pigs and the cage. Groups of boars can also live peacefully together as long as they were introduced earlier, preferably in infancy stages.
The common illnesses encountered by most of these animals when not provided with a large space and regular grooming accurate for their population in the cage are:
1. Respiratory infections due to foreign bodies coming from their food or due to excessive heat;
2. Diarrhea also due to the animal’s sensitivity to foreign bodies which makes treatment for an underlying disease with medicines a bit challenging;
3. Scurvy due lack of Vitamin C;
4. Abscesses and lice, mite, and fungal infections.