Being active species in the order of rodents, guinea pigs should be provided with a wide cage that will allow them to satisfy their bodily needs of daily exercise and exploration. They do not really require a cage that is similar to living in the outdoors or in the wild because they are most confident exploring in a familiar environment, and if it could be helpful to you, their sense of sight is weak. Their ability to move around is supported by their intense senses of smelling, touching, and hearing. With that in mind, they can easily adapt to the modifications you make in their guinea pig runs.
The basic rule in the purchase or creation of guinea pig runs is BIGGER IS ALWAYS BETTER. You may dedicate an entire room for your piggies but it is always not necessary as it would mean additional costs and time to spend for maintenance. Most cages suggested for guinea pigs are 7.5 square feet, 10.5 square feet, and 13 square feet.
- Use cages with solid mesh floors like wood instead of wire mesh floors that contribute largely to the cause of many infections and injury on the feet of guinea pigs. For the walls make sure the mesh is small enough that the guinea pig’s head do not get stuck.
- Cubes and Coroplast, or C&C style cages have become popular choice cages as well. Cubes are 14-inch coated-wire grids, while Coroplast is a plastic sign board in 4 foot by 8 foot sheets in multiple colors.
- Use pre-packaged runs sold in pet shops which will contribute to the beautiful obstacle course-type pathways of the small creatures.
- Include play houses like tunnels, hide cages in the form of boxes or empty toilet rolls, and pipes.
- Change or water clean hay floor every week.
- Freshen water and food every a couple of days so they don’t stink on the wooden floors or stain them.
- Refrain from changing the runs because you want it different. Always be concerned about your pets. Remember they need familiar terrain to be able to search through their food and resting places. You may instead move their entire home every week to a different part of the house for a different view.